1. What is the legal framework regulating employment in Romania?
Romania is a civil law jurisdiction and the core employment regulation is the Labour Code. Besides the Labour Code, specific enactments regulate other labour-related aspects, such as health and safety in the workplace, insurance for work accidents and professional diseases and social dialogue.
Collective bargaining agreements also provide binding rules and obligations to be complied with by employers.
Considering Romania’s membership to the European Union, EU law and CJEU decisions are also relevant.